Events - 2020
On April 14, 2020, the Institute for Social Policy hold the online Academic Workshop Assessing the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Russian Labor Market and Extra-budgetary Funds.
The event inaugurated moderated by Oksana Sinyavskaya, Deputy Director, Institute for Social Policy, HSE, heard the discussion assured by Evgeny Yakushev, Head, Laboratory for pension system development, Institute for Social Policy, HSE, Natalia Akindinova, Director, Center of Development Institute, HSE, Vladimir Gimpelson, Director, Center for Labor Market Studies, HSE, and Alexander Safonov, professor, Financial Academy under the Government of the Russian Federation.
The COVID-19 pandemic raises questions about the sustainability of labor markets and existing social security institutions. The discussion paper Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic Impact on Social Security Institution recently published by the Institute for Social Policy tries to simulate the relationship between the Coronavirus pandemic, the measures taken by the State to stem it and the economic activity, the wage fund and extra-budgetary funds. How will the crisis in Russia develop further? What is its fundamental difference from the crises of 2008/9 and 2014? How will the economy, labor markets and social institutions react to it?
The participants of the online discussion considered the features of actual crisis, possible reactions of the labor market to it. They also presented their assessments of structural changes in the economy and the formation of incomes, the impact of the crisis on the formal and informal sectors of the economy, and its impact on social insurance institutions, including taking into account the proposed measures to support the population.
Video is available here.
Yakushev_Online Workshop ISP_14-04-2020 RUS (PDF, 935 Kb)
Related publication: Kommersant (15/04/2020)
On February 26, 2020, the Institute for Social Policy at the National Research University Higher School of Economics presented the World Bank book Exploring Universal Basic Income. A Guide to Navigating Concepts, Evidence, and Practices. The book’s presentation was assured by Ruslan Yemtsov, Human Development Program Leader for China, Mongolia and Korea and one of the book’s authors.
The event inaugurated by Lilia Ovcharova, Vice Rector, Director of the Institute for Social Policy, HSE, and Renaud Seligmann, Country Director and Resident Representative for the Russian Federation, World Bank, heard the discussion assured by Rostislav Kapeliushnikov, Deputy Director, Center for Labor Market Studies, HSE, Evgeny Gontmakher, Professor, Faculty of Social Sciences, HSE, Oksana Sinyavskaya, Deputy Director, Institute for Social Policy, HSE, Svetlana Mareeva, Center Director, Center for Stratification Studies, Institute for Social Policy, HSE, Elena Grishina, Head of the Laboratory for Living Standards and Social Protection Research, Institute of Social Analysis and Forecasting, RANEPA, and Elena Nazarbaeva, expert, Centre for Studies of Income and Living Standards, Institute for Social Policy, HSE.
For quite a long time, the idea of universal basic income (UBI) was theorized with hundreds of books and articles. The endless disputes about the feasibility of UBI absorb a lot of effort and attention and confuse with a variety of interpretations and controversial assessments. To understand why it has persistently returned to politics, the press and scientific research, the World Bank is analyzing the place of this idea in the evolution of social policy.
This book brings it into a coherent framework and provides a complete picture of the history, implementation attempts, modifications, and prospects of UBI. Moreover, the methodology of assessing different variants of UBI takes into account all possible contexts, from developing countries to highly developed countries, analyzing the origins, motivations and options of UBI, possible social and economic consequences of implementation, expected impact on the labor market and employment, political factors contributing to and opposing implementation, technical and administrative prerequisites, possible options for interaction with the social protection system as a whole.
It is shown that UBI does not in principle contradict many trends of social policy development, presenting a form of solving current problems associated with the crisis of the traditional model of social protection and labor relations. Undoubtedly in its pure form, basic income would be an extremely costly policy option, where it would represent a step forward in social policy, in countries with underdeveloped social protection systems. In countries with an advanced UBI system, it is administratively and financially possible, but it is in conflict with many existing institutions. Therefore, in all cases, the idea of UBI is modified and integrated into the existing system during implementation attempts.
The book presents three alternative models of UBI and simulates the impact of implementation on the welfare of different groups of the population, on the tax burden, on the budget and on incentives to work by the example of ten countries (including Russia, Kazakhstan, Chile, Brazil and South Africa).
The book describes the experience of UBI implementation, negative and positive experiences of pilot schemes (two countries, Iran and Mongolia, have implemented full-scale UBI within several years, while in Alaska it has a long history and continues). These pilot projects permit to assess real political support for each new modification of the UBI. Proponents expect a positive demonstration effect, but this optimism is not yet justified.
UBI Book Presentation_Ruslan Yesmtsov_HSE 26-02-2020 (PDF, 2.49 Мб)
UBI Book Russian Didgest
Related Publications: HSE Website Article (02/03/2020) and Kommersant Newspaper Article (04/03/2020)
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